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Reconstruction Era Civil Rights Acts, 42 U.S.C. §§ 1981, 1983, 1985, and 1986

What are Section 1981 and the other reconstruction-era civil rights laws?

The Civil Rights Acts are post-slavery laws enacted to advance the goals of the Thirteenth, Fourteenth and Fifteenth Amendments to the United States Constitution. In general:

  • Section 1981 prohibits intentional race discrimination in contracts (including “at-will” employment).
  • Section 1983 provides a remedy for violation of federally protected rights where state action is involved.
  • Sections 1985 and 1986 apply to conspiracies to deprive persons of equal rights and privileges.

Employees often invoke the civil rights laws in race discrimination cases for strategic purposes relating to procedural requirements and damage caps imposed under Title VII.

If you have suffered racial discrimination and need an experienced civil rights lawyer in the D.C. or Virginia, call attorney Lori Searcy today at 703-644-4122 / 202-393-1443. To learn more about Ms. Searcy's civil rights cases, review these success stories. For more information about Section 1981, 1983 and the other civil rights laws, visit the Employment Law Chronicle.

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Age Discrimination
Civil Rights Acts
Disability Discrimination
Employment Discrimination & Harassment
Employment, Severance & Non-Compete Agreements
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
District of Columbia Family and Medical Leave Act (DCFMLA)
Federal Employee Rights
Military Leave & Reemployment Rights
National Origin Discrimination
Overtime & Minimum Wages
Race Discrimination
Religious Discrimination
Retaliation for EEO Activity
Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
Pregnancy Discrimination
Title VII
Whistleblower Retaliation Claims
Workplace Harassment & Hostile Work Environment
Wrongful Termination
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* Searcy Business Litigation & Employment Law represents clients in the District of Columbia and Northern Virginia, including Arlington County, Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Prince William County, the cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, and Fairfax. The firm also serves clients in the Virginia counties of Clarke, Culpeper, Fauquier, Frederick, Madison, Page, Rappahannock, Shenandoah, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren, as well as the cities of Fredericksburg and Winchester, Virginia and more.

All legal information provided on this website is general and should not be used or relied on as legal advice as legal advice cannot be given without full
consideration of all relevant information relating to a specific situation.

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