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Age Discrimination

Age discrimination means treating an employee or applicant differently or unfavorably because of the person's age. Discrimination because of age is illegal under federal, District of Columbia, and Virginia employment discrimination laws.

Federal Age Discrimination Law: Age Discrimination in Employment Act (ADEA)

The ADEA is a federal law protecting people aged 40 or older from discrimination because of their age. The ADEA prohibits age-based discrimination in any term, condition, or privilege of employment, including hiring, firing, promotion, layoff, compensation, benefits, job assignments, and training. The ADEA also prohibits retaliation against a person for opposing age discrimination or participating in an age discrimination proceeding or investigation.

  • Employers Covered: The ADEA applies to employers with 20 or more employees, employment agencies, and labor organizations. It also applies to federal, state, and local governments.
  • Employees Covered: The ADEA covers employees and job applicants who are 40 years of age or older. It does not protect independent contractors or individuals who are under 40.

District of Columbia Age Discrimination Law: D.C. Human Rights Act (DCHRA)

Among other things, the District of Columbia Human Rights Act prohibits age-based discrimination.

  • Employers Covered: The DCHRA applies to employers regardless of size, and it defines employer broadly as including any person acting in the interest of an employer. The DCHRA applies to private-sector companies and the D.C. Government. It does not apply to the Federal Government.
  • Employees Covered: The DCHRA covers individuals who are 18 years of age or older.

Virginia Age Discrimination Law: Virginia Human Rights Act (VHRA)

Among other things, the Virginia Human Rights Act prohibits discrimination based on age. The VHRA applies to employers who are not covered by the ADEA and have at least five employees.

If you need an experienced employment lawyer for an age discrimination case in D.C. or Virginia, call attorney Lori Searcy today or complete the employment case review form. To learn more about age discrimination in employment, visit the firm's blog: The Employment Law Chronicle.

Age Discrimination
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Age Discrimination
Civil Rights Acts
Disability Discrimination
Employment Discrimination & Harassment
Employment, Severance & Non-Compete Agreements
Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA)
District of Columbia Family and Medical Leave Act (DCFMLA)
Federal Employee Rights
Military Leave & Reemployment Rights
National Origin Discrimination
Overtime & Minimum Wages
Race Discrimination
Religious Discrimination
Retaliation for EEO Activity
Sex Discrimination and Sexual Harassment
Pregnancy Discrimination
Title VII
Whistleblower Retaliation Claims
Workplace Harassment & Hostile Work Environment
Wrongful Termination
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* Searcy Business Litigation & Employment Law represents clients in the District of Columbia and Northern Virginia, including Arlington County, Fairfax County, Loudoun County, and Prince William County, the cities of Alexandria, Falls Church, and Fairfax. The firm also serves clients in the Virginia counties of Clarke, Culpeper, Fauquier, Frederick, Madison, Page, Rappahannock, Shenandoah, Spotsylvania, Stafford, and Warren, as well as the cities of Fredericksburg and Winchester, Virginia and more.

All legal information provided on this website is general and should not be used or relied on as legal advice as legal advice cannot be given without full
consideration of all relevant information relating to a specific situation.

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